Kamasutra Old classic, written by
Vatsyayan on intimate human relationship
- Kansi Brass plate struck by a
- Kaspearle Counterpart of Punch in
- Kartal Big brass cymbal.
- Kathakali -- Dance-drama style of Kerala,
performed to the throbbing beats of the chenda. Originated from
Sanskrit theatre and several devotional dance-theatres in the
- Kathasaritsagar- Literally Sea of Stories,
written by Somdeva.
- Kaurava Descendents of Kuru clan,
who fought their cousin Pandavas in the Mahabharata.
Khanjira Single-faced open drum,
with skin stretched over one side and small cymbals woven into
the frame, similar to a tambourine
- Khol A barrel-shaped drum.
- Khanjari - A type of tambourine, made
of wood and covered with the skin of Godhi snake.
- Kuchipudi Religious dance-drama style
from the village Kuchipudi in Andhra Pradesh on the banks of Krishna
river, reputedly created by Siddhendra Yogi, a Krishna devotee,
in 16th century.
Kurals Tamil poems written in 2nd century BC by Tiruvalluvar
- Lakshmi Goddess of wealth, seated
or standing on the lotus flower. Venerated as consort of Vishnu
and worshipped as harbinger of prosperity
- Laxman Brother of Rama in the epic
- Madalam/Maddale - A variation of the mridamgam.
- Mahabharata Great epic poem written
by Vyasa. Divided in 18 books (Parvas), containing about 220,000
- Mahashivaratri/ Shivaratri Austere festival in the
month of Feb-March. Prayer, fasting and penance for past sins,
nightlong vigil and ritual worship of the Shiva Linga mark this
- Mandira Small brass cymbals.
Mohenjodaro Literally place of the
dead and situated in Larkana district of Sindh, Pakistan. R.D.Banerjee
first discovered this site of Indus Civilisation in 1922.
Mridang/ Mridangam A barrel-shaped percussion
instrument played horizontally with the hands.
Mughals The royal dynasty in India
established by Babar in 1526 AD. His son Humayun established
the foundation of the sixth city, Din Panah. Akbar was the greatest
of the Mughal kings, who constructed Fatehpr Sikri. Shahjahan,
the fifth Mughal ruler, constructed the beautiful Taj Mahal
at Agra and Red Fort in Delhi. The limits of the empire expanded
farthest, especially in South, under Aurangazeb. The empire
ended in 1857, after the British deposed Bahadur Shah Zafar.
Mukhaveena -- A woodwind instrument with
a conical tube-body and provided with a mouthpiece.
Nagara A conical drum with a huge
Nam Kirtan Devotional group-singing
by the Vaishnavites.
Nandi A bull as Shivas vehicle,
a symbol of fertility.
Narada -- One of the seven great rishis (saints) and inventor of veena,
who is said to travel heaven, hell and earth with lute in hand.
Natyashastra Treatise on music, dance
and theatre, written by Bharata in 2nd Century AD.
It has 37 chapters, comprising over of 5500 verses.
NCERT-- National Centre for Educational
Research and Training, a government body entrusted to make syllabus
of school education and publish books accordingly.
Nimbuwala The puppet that shows tricks
with a lemon (nimbu) in Kathputli.
Ottu A wind instrument made of
a cylindrical ebony tube-body, used as a drone.
Paithani style A painting style belonging
to Paithon region, Maharashtra.
Pakhawaj A barrel-shaped drum.
Pallava A royal dynasty with capital
at Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu, who assumed power in 3rd
Century AD. The first
great ruler was Sivaskanda Varman in 4th Century.
Panchavati A picturesque forest, where
Rama, Sita and Lakshman lived in exile.
Panini A well-known grammarian
in ancient times.
Papier-Mβchι Inexpensive raw material made
out of wet pulp of paper.
Patanjali -- The great grammarian of
2nd century BC, who wrote a commentary on Paninis work.
Petromax A large kerosene-lamp.
Phad Stories of folk heroes of
Rajasthan, painted on a long cloth and narrated by the folk
singer-couple Bhopa and Bhopi. The story of Pabuji is particularly
Prithiraj Chauhan The last Hindu ruler of
Delhi in the 12th century.
Puja The ritual offerings to
the Hindu gods accompanied by chants and prayers.
Purana Ancient and traditional
stories, falling into three main groups: Brahma
Purana, Vishnu Purana and Shiva
Purbaranga Pujas enacted, according
to Natyashastra, before
the actual performance.
Rajah The quality of foul and
violent passion, producing pain, anger and jealousy.
Rama The hero of Ramayana who is the incarnation of Vishnu.
Ramayana The oldest of the Sanskrit
epic poems, written by the sage Valmiki. Composed in 5th
century BC and divided in to seven sections (Kanda), containing about 50,000 lines.
Ramtali - Wooden castanets 8 inches
Rashtrakutas The royal dynasty of South,
spanning 6th to10th century.