Rasleela The dance-drama evolved
in the 15th-16th century by the Vaishnava
saints of North India, based on the Bhagavatha Purana. The Ras
has Krishna dancing with his beloved Radha and his milkmaids
Ravana Demon king of Lanka, kidnapper
of Sita and killed by Rama in the battle of the Ramayana.
Ravanbadh The performance that shows
Rama killing Ravana in the Ramayana.
Robka See Nagara.
Rudaksha Sacred seeds, used in making
necklaces for the holy people.
Santhal The tribe originally inhabiting
the Rajmahal hills on the Bengal-Bihar border.
Saraswati Goddess of knowledge; usually
seated on a swan and holding a veena.
Sarinda Musical instrument with
three main strings, tied in an elliptical track to pegs on top.
Notes are played with fingertips, while the tune is played with
Satra The holy congregational
space in Assam, used since the time of sage Sankaradeva.
Sattah The quality of purity: white
Satvahana The royal dynasty (220BC-236AD),
was founded by Simuka in modern Andhra. Rock-cut caves and Buddhist
Stupas belonged to this period.
Sehnai A woodwind instrument with
a conical tube-body and a mouthpiece.
Shloka Sanskrit sacred verse.
Sholapith An herbaceous plant growing
wild in marshy and waterlogged areas in Bengal, Assam and Orissa.
Used for artistic decorations, making headgears for deities
in festivals and puppets.
Shri Ram Bhartia Kala Kendra The premiere teaching and
performing institute for music and dance in Delhi nearly 50
Shruti The quartertones in Indian
musical scale, occurring between notes.
Simhasan Battisi The magic throne of Vikramaditya
of Ujjain with 32 decorative dolls who danced and did acrobatic
Sita Wife of Rama in the Ramayana.
Sri Gauranga Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
(1485-1533), born in Bengal, who grew into a scholar and teacher.
He embraced Vaishnavism and was venerated as a great saint who
sang and danced the glory of Krishna, and preached love to humanity.
Stuti Chanted prayers for the
glory of the gods.
Subrahmanya Kartikeya, the brother of
Ganesha and the god of war. Known as Subrahmanya in Tamil Nadu,
where six of his temples form a pilgrim circuit.
Tabla Small drums played horizontally
with fingers and hands, generating wide tonal range and harmonic
Tadaka The female demon killed
by Rama in the Ramayana.
Metallic small cymbal for keeping rhythm.
Tamah Negative qualities like
ignorance, laziness, confusion and passivity.
Tandava The virile masculine dance,
attributed to Shiva.
Terracotta Burnt clay used as building
material. The earliest examples go back to the Indus valley
Therigatha - Buddhist treatise of great
antiquity, composed by senior nuns of the Buddhist order, the
well-known royal dancer Amrapali and the beautiful Subha
Tuntune Cylindrical metal resonator
with an open top and base covered with skin attached to the
lower end of a bamboo shaft. One steel string passes through
the skin and tied to the bamboo shaft played in Maharashtra.
Uduki Musical drum played in South.
Uttara Daughter of King Virat and
wife of Abhimanyu (Arjunas son) in the Mahabharata.
Vaishnava The devotees and followers
Vaitarani The sacred river, believed
in mythology, to be crossed by everyone before entering heaven.
Vatsyayana See Kamasutra.
Vikramaditya Chandragupta II, who reigned
in 380 AD.
Vramyaman Natak A form of Jatra, which travels
all over Assam with several artists, tents and property.
Musical instrument, used in Maharashtra.
Yakshagana A vibrant folk-theatre of
Karnataka using themes from mythology, epics and puranas through
dance and music.
Yama The god of death who reigns
Yampat The popular scroll-paintings
from tribal areas of West Bengal and Bihar, showing what happen